Incidence of inflammatory bowel disease in patients treated with secukinumab: pooled analysis of 21 randomized controlled Phase III and IV clinical trials of psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis, and ankylosing spondylitis
Presenters: Schreiber S1, Colombel JF2, Feagan BG3, Blauvelt A4, Reich K5, Deodhar A6, McInnes IB7, Porter B8, Gupta AD9, Pricop L8, Fox T10
Affiliations: 1Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospital Schleswig-Holstein, Kiel, Germany; Institute of Clinical Molecular Biology, University of Kiel, Germany; 2Division of Gastroenterology, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York; 3University of Western Ontario, Ontario, Canada; 4Oregon Medical Research Center, Portland, Oregon; 5Dermatologikum Hamburg and Georg-August-University, Göttingen, Germany; 6Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR; 7Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK; 8Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation, East Hanover, NJ; 9Novartis Healthcare Pvt. Ltd., Hyderabad, India; 10Novartis Pharma AG, Basel, Switzerland
Background/Objective: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) such as Crohn’s disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) are common comorbidities associated with psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis (PsA), and ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Compared to the general population, epidemiological studies have shown that patients with psoriasis or PsA are at a 2- to 4-fold increased risk of developing CD and a 2- to 3-fold increased risk of developing UC. Additionally, in patients with AS, there is a 3- to 5-fold increased risk of IBD compared with the general population. Secukinumab is approved for the treatment of psoriasis, PsA, and AS and is a fully human monoclonal antibody that neutralizes interleukin-17A. Here, we report the pooled incidence of IBD, CD, and UC in patients with psoriasis, PsA, or AS who received IL-17A inhibition with secukinumab. The data reported herein are based on results from 21 Phase III/IV clinical trials of secukinumab for psoriasis, PsA, or AS.
Methods: This analysis evaluated pooled data from 14 Phase III and one Phase IV psoriasis trials, three Phase III PsA trials, and three Phase III AS trials. Patients with a history of IBD but not active IBD were eligible for enrollment in these trials. Data from all patients that received at least one dose of secukinumab were included in this analysis. IBD reporting includes cases of CD, UC, and IBD not otherwise specified (NOS).
Results: A total of 7,355 patients receiving secukinumab were assessed for the presence of IBD: 5,181 with psoriasis, 1,380 with PsA, and 794 with AS. Over the entire treatment period, the mean total exposure to secukinumab was 10,416.9 patient-years in patients with psoriasis, 3,866.9 patient-years in patients with PsA, and 1,943.1 patient-years in patients with AS. The exposure-adjusted incidence rate (EAIR) per 100 patient-years (95% confidence interval [CI]) of CD, UC, and IBD NOS in secukinumab-treated patients were 0.05 [0.02, 0.11], 0.13 [0.07, 0.23], and 0.01 [0.00, 0.05], respectively, in the psoriasis studies; 0.08 [0.02, 0.23], 0.08 [0.02, 0.23], and 0.05 [0.01, 0.19], respectively in the PsA studies; and 0.4 [0.2, 0.8], 0.2 [0.1, 0.5], and 0.1 [0.0, 0.3], respectively, in the AS studies. Additionally, the incidence of IBD, CD, and UC did not increase over time.
Conclusion: Pooled data from 21 studies indicated that the observed exposure-adjusted incidence rates of IBD, CD, and UC with secukinumab were low and did not increase over time in patients with moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis, PsA, or AS.
Funding: This research was sponsored by Novartis Pharma AG, Basel, Switzerland.