Cutaneous Oncology Part 2

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Neil Swanson, MD & Marc Brown, MD

 

Mohs Surgery: Thoughts and Guidelines – Neil Swanson, MD

Dr Swanson begins by stating that Mohs surgery is NOT indicated for all BCC/SCC and this is an important concept for dermatologists. In 2012, a group of experts developed guidelines for the appropriate use of Mohs micrographic surgery published in the JAAD and Derm Surgery.  It is important for physicians to familiarize themselves with the guidelines.

High Risk Squamous Cell Carcinoma – Marc Brown, MD

Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is the second most common type of cancer and more than 250,000 new cases are reported every year. The incidence of SCC increases dramatically with age and in older patients (80+), there are more skin cancer deaths from SCC than melanoma.

It is important that dermatologists understand the risk factors for SCC development; these include sun exposure, ionizing radiation, HPV infection, immunosuppression, genetic syndrome, chronic inflammation, burns and non-healing ulcers, chemical exposures, older men with fair skin and UV light. In addition, healthcare providers should recognize the risk factors for SCC recurrence and metastasis. This involves assessing the size, depth, histology and clinical features of the tumor as well as the overall immune status of the patient.  CLL patients also represent at “at risk” group for metastisis.

The NCCN has recently published guidelines for the treatment of high risk SCC and dermatologists can refer to these guidelines for optimal patient care.